Vanatrú means "Faith in the Vanir", just as Ásatrú means "Faith in the Æsir". Those who practice Vanatrú generally find that their practice is reflective of a long time dedication to one or more of the Vanic Gods and want to explore this in a fuller context, looking at things in as historical a context as possible. The most well known of all the Vanic Deities are, Freyja, Freyr, and Njord due to their association with the Æsir, as well as Nerthus their mother.

As the Vanir have command over the elves, magic and wights are a significant focus of Vanatrú.